[APG Public List] Fw: Citing a manuscript

Jeanette Daniels jeanettedaniels8667 at yahoo.com
Sat Nov 27 09:52:36 MST 2010

I forgot to add the APG Public when sending this comment.

----- Forwarded Message ----
From: Jeanette Daniels <jeanettedaniels8667 at yahoo.com>
To: Larry Boswell <laboswell at rogers.com>
Sent: Sat, November 27, 2010 9:51:19 AM
Subject: Re: [APG Public List] Citing a manuscript


Thanks for pointing out the confusions.  Yes, abbreviations can take on many 

Jeanette Daniels
Heritage Genealogical College

From: Larry Boswell <laboswell at rogers.com>
To: Bonnie Kohler <kohlerbj at bellsouth.net>
Cc: APG Public List <apgpubliclist at apgen.org>
Sent: Sat, November 27, 2010 7:22:47 AM
Subject: Re: [APG Public List] Citing a manuscript

There is an online version for CMOS with search and other tools, for about $30 
subscription which I find to be more useful than hardcopy.

Domain codes also use the two letter (as in Pa) style, but the problem is that 
there is no agreement on what letter code applies where.  CA is both California 
and Canada.  At one point there was a sense that the country domain codes would 
be capitalized but that hasn't worked out.  People use ca, Ca, CA for both.  CH 
for Switzerland is also now used for church websites ( xchurch.ch)  

mn is Minnesota but also Mongolia (not going to be a lot of confusion in 
genealogical  circles for that one but....).    LV is both Las Vegas and Latvia 
(again not much chance of errors there either!).  Laos and Los Angeles have 
something in common  (la).

Belgium as as 'be' ,  used also by a canton in Switzerland.   Some country/state 
codes are also used as domain codes for non-geographic uses.  Colombia as co 
also of course denotes 'company'.   'md' used increasingly by medical industry 
once belonged to Moldova.  Some of these are obviously not going to be confused, 
but it demonstrates how there is little regard for how these are assigned.  Me 
is Maine, Montenegro, and now becoming popular domain name used by individuals 
(in the sense of 'my site').  Sites ending in 'in' could be internet related or 
in India.  And so on.

Could be solved if they'd gone with three letter domain codes instead of two

So inside the US Pa would be recognized as the state, but possibly only to US 
residents.  So maybe it would be better to stick with the old abbreviation and 
if necessary put the domain  code/postal one Pa in brackets. 


On 2010-11-27, at 8:08 AM, Bonnie Kohler wrote:

Cathi wrote:
>- Since "c1850s-1911" includes an abbreviation for "circa," does the 
>abbreviation not require a period? I usually use ca., and I presume that ca. and 
>c. are interchangeable, but I thought both required a period. 
>-I believe that it is  preferable to use traditional abbreviations for the names 
>of states, rather than the postal codes, but where do we find the most 
>acceptable abbreviations? I have been using "Penn." for Pennsylvania, but I 
>notice that Elizabeth uses "Pa." Are these abbreviations standardized somewhere? 
>Or are several different forms acceptable, such as Pa. and Penn.?
>- - - - - - - - - - - -
>When I'm in a hurry, I just Google these questions. For a definitive answer, I 
>refer to the _Chicago Manual of Style_. I feel the CMOS is a good investment 
>because I refer to it often.
>Bonnie Dunphy Kohler

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